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The yield is the effective interest rate on bonds. The yield will vary inversely with the market price of the Bond.
Yield= (Coupon/ Market Price of Bond) X 100
Interest payouts on bonds are fixed; an increase in bond price means you(or buyer) pay more for the same returns, so effective returns are less. Another way is also true: if bond prices decrease, you (or buyer) are paying less for the same returns; hence effective returns are more.Thus bond yield and bond price are inversely related..
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Our team is led by Bhavanand Kumar Mishra who has outstanding expertise in the Bond Market, Forex. He is M.B.A, certified associate of Indian Institute of Bankers, certified treasury professional holder from IIBF, Mumbai. He has worked as Chief Dealer in almost all asset classes especially in the Fixed Income in the treasury, with twenty plus years of expertise including overseas experience at London & Birmingham in U.K. in the Punjab National Bank, which is the second largest PSU Bank in India. Mr. Mishra is supported by a team of young professionals.
The size of Indian Bond market is increasing substantially year on year basis and so the opportunity also multiplies. Indian Bond market consists of Central Government securities (G-Secs), State Development Loans (SDLs), Treasury Bills, these securities are also called as Sovereign assets classes. Particularly State Development Loans is a higher yield asset class and suitable for the retail investors. State Development Loans (SDLs) maintains 25 to 50 bps spread from the G-Secs in the respective maturities however, these spread is not sacrosanct and may vary depends on the multiple variables.
As far as Corporate Bonds are concerned, Public Sector Undertakings like PFC, REC, NABARD, NHAI, etc, Private Companies, NBFC are issuing multiple bonds round the year having different maturities. These corporate bonds carry substantial spread from the G-Sec.
Generally, before investing in Bank/Corporate Fixed Deposit, depositors compares the rate of different bank's offered rate of interest and then decides where to invest in. Generally, investors don't give importance to the fact that their deposits per bank is secured only up to INR 5 Lakh. Further, if the individual left with additional surplus money, he/she chooses to invest in the Debt MFs. In the debt MFs, there are multiple entry or/and exit load and other charges which makes their return less profitable than their direct investment in the bond. At the end of day, Fund Managers of the Debt MFs invest in the bonds only which are available in the market.
Summary - The diversification of the investment portfolio is the key to manage hard earned savings. While we don't negate the importance of Bank's Fixed Deposit, but at the same time we also don't appreciate investing all the money either in the Bank/Corporate FDs or in the MFs. In the modern era, when all the information are widely and easily available, we must change the investing habits a little bit to earn more without putting any extra effort. Interestingly, investing in the bond is quite easier than our believe as everything can be done sitting at the home.
Bonds are issued by organizations generally for a period of more than one year to raise money by borrowing. Following are the types of bonds:
In general, Bonds and Debentures are interchangeably used in conversation but they have their own definition and characteristics related to them.
Here is the list of popular Bonds and Debentures available in India.